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Blue Ocean Strategy tools and frameworks developed by W. Chan Kim and Renée Mauborgne.

Get set to sail towards your blue ocean !

Blue Ocean Strategy Tools

Four Actions Framework

© Kim & Mauborgne. All rights reserved.

Which factors should be raised well above the industry’s standard?
Which factors that the industry has long competed on should be eliminated ?
New Value Curve
Which factors should be created that the industry has never offered?
Which factors should be reduced well below the industry’s standard?

© Kim & Mauborgne. All rights reserved.


The Four Actions Framework developed by W. Chan Kim and Renée Mauborgne is used to reconstruct buyer value elements in crafting a new value curve or strategic profile. To break the trade-off between differentiation and low cost in creating a new value curve, the framework poses four key questions, shown in the diagram, to challenge an industry’s strategic logic.

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W. Chan Kim and Renée Mauborgne created a comprehensive set of analytic tools and frameworks any organization can apply to create new market spaces and make the competition irrelevant.

Blue ocean strategy tools, methodologies and frameworks bring structure to what has historically been an unstructured problem in strategy – informing organizations’ ability to create new market spaces systematically. With blue ocean strategy tools and analytics, companies can now pursue and create blue oceans of uncontested market space in an opportunity-maximizing, risk-minimizing way. The best way to beat the competition is to stop trying to beat the competition.

Select from the icons below to learn more about the analytic tools of blue ocean strategy:

All analytic tools © Kim & Mauborgne. All rights reserved.

Red Ocean vs. Blue Ocean Strategy
Value Innovation
Visualizing Strategy
Strategy Canvas
Four Actions Framework
Six Paths Framework
Pioneer Migrator Settler Map
Three Tiers of Noncustomers
Sequence of Blue Ocean Strategy
Buyer Utility Map
Price Corridor
of the Mass
Four Hurdles to Strategy Execution
Tipping Point Leadership
Fair Process